Dry Skin

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What is dry skin?

In most cases, the skin lacks not only fat but also moisture. In particular, moisture-binding substances, which are mainly found in the hydrolipid film, play an essential role.  It’s necessary to differentiate between dry and dehydrated skin. Often used synonymously, dry skin, or xerosis (the medical term), is usually caused by a lack of sebum secreted by your sebaceous glands, while dehydrated skin is caused by the lack of moisture. Sebostasis is the term used to describe the reduced activity of the sebaceous glands, and is typically the trigger for dry and cracked skin conditions.

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(List xerosis and sebostasis in the glossary)

Some typical characteristics of Dry Skin

Link to rhagades in glossary

Contact Dermititis

This occurs when your skin comes into contact with something which causes an irritant or allergic reaction. Chemicals found in paint, soaps, cosmetics, detergents medications, or metals in jewelry, are common trigger factors. Skin may become dry, itchy and red, sometimes even resulting in a skin rash.

Eczema (atopic dermatitis)

Most common type of eczema that can be found in children and adults. It appears as red, dry, “silver” scaly patches of skin that can also be itchy in different areas of your body. Severe forms can cause the skin to crack, which makes the body more prone to things like bacterial infections. This common skin condition often affects children and can be inherited. Irritants, allergens and stress can make eczema worse.

Seborrheic dermatitis

This occurs when your skin comes into contact with something which causes an irritant or allergic reaction. Chemicals found in paint, soaps, cosmetics, detergents medications, or metals in jewelry, are common trigger factors. Skin may become dry, itchy and red, sometimes even resulting in a skin rash.

Neurodermatitis

A chronic skin condition that results in itchy patches of dry skin that is sensitive to touch. (add more)

Psoriasis

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Types of Dry Skin

CAUSES OF DRY SKIN

In most cases, the skin lacks not only fat, but also moisture. Moisture-binding substances, which are mainly found in the hydrolipid film, play an essential role. Skin moisture depends on the supply of water in the deeper skin layers and on perspiration (more on that in a sec).

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Dry skin is caused by a lack of: 
  • Natural moisturizing factors (NMFs): Especially urea, amino acids and lactic acid – that help to bind in water (humectants).

  • Epidermal lipids such as ceramides, fatty acids and cholesterol which are needed for a healthy skin barrier function (occlusives).

Skin is constantly losing water through:
  • Perspiration: active water loss from the glands caused by heat, stress and activity.

  • Trans-Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL): the natural, passive way in which skin diffuses about half a litre of water a day from the deeper skin layers.

The Wild Leaves Skincare Routine

Our face wash, algae serum, face oil and rich cream skincare routine are great for moisturizing and hydrating, supporting well-aging, and protection against the elements. 

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